Dynamics of phytomass and production on reclaimed mesotrophic mire during repeated water-logging process in the Lower Amur region

Cover Page


The results of the study of the dynamics of a biomass and production of treeless grass-shrub-sphagnum bog communities formed on the reclaimed site 20 years after the drainage and undisturbed mesotrophic shrub-Sphagnum bog community (excluding tree layer) on the Middle Amur River lowlands are compared. This bog is in a subclimax state and functions in conditions of sharply fluctuating hydrological regime. Significant fluctuations in the bog water level caused by the uneven atmospheric precipitation are very typical for mires on the Middle Amur depression, both in growing seasons and from year to year. They have shown that a biomass structure changed and a productivity of sphagnum moss and herbaceous plants increased, while production of psychrophilic shrubs reduced during secondary swamping as a result of changes in the hydrological regime. Live biomass was 1106 g× m-2 on undisturbed bog and 1640 g× m-2 on the secondary swamped site. In above-ground part and acrotelm mortmass increased up to 3561 g× m-2 on the secondary bog compared to 2272 g× m-2 on undisturbed bog. NPP on the secondary swamped site varies between 627-863 g × m-2 per year. It is significantly higher than NPP of undisturbed phytocenosis which ranges from 538 to 662 g× m-2 per year. The dominant indigenous mires Chamaedaphne calyculata is respond to waterlogging and stabilizing the hydrological regime by increase in the mass of roots that provide the greatest contribution to production in comparison with its above-ground live phytomass. The ratio of above-ground and underground phytomass of herbaceous plants thus remains constant, despite the change of species in phytocenosis. The species composition of moss layer changes and significantly increases its productivity. In general, peat accumulation endogenesis accelerates. On mesotrophic bogs of the Middle Amur River lowland it is hampered by recurrent fires on a big time trend, causing them to function in subclimax phase.

About the authors

T A Kopoteva

Institute of Water and Ecology Problems, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Author for correspondence.
Email: kopoteva@ivep.as.khb.ru

V A Kuptsova

Institute of Water and Ecology Problems, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Email: victoria@ivep.as.khb.ru


  1. Водно-болотные угодья юга Дальнего Востока России. 2005. Бочарников В.Н. (ред). М.: Wetlands International. Т. 5. 220 с.
  2. Вомперский С.Э. 2007. О методологии оценок современной нетто-экосистемной продукции (NEP) болота. Мат-лы 2 Межд. полевого симп. «Торфяники Зап. Сибири и цикл углерода: прошлое и настоящее». Ханты-Мансийск. С.11-13.
  3. Копотева Т.А. 2011. Роль пожаров в формировании торфяной залежи и динамика надземных фитомассы и продукции в постпирогенный период на мезотрофных кустарничково-сфагновых болотах Среднеамурской низменности // Резервуары и потоки углерода: Мат-лы межд. конф. Сыктывкар. С. 81-86.
  4. Копотева Т.А., Купцова В.А. 2011. Пирогенный фактор на маревых болотах Приамурья // Вестник СВНЦ ДВО РАН. № 2. С. 37-42.
  5. Копотева Т.А., КупцоваВ.А. 2016. Влияние пожаров на функционирование фитоценозов торфяных болот // Экология. № 1. С 1-8.
  6. Научно-прикладной справочник по климату СССР. 1992. Сер. 3. Многолетние данные. Вып. 25. Хабаровский край, Амурская область. С.-П.: Гидрометеоиздат. 558 с.
  7. Миронычева-Токарева Н.П., Косых Н.П., Вишнякова Е.К. 2013. Продукционно-деструкционные процессы в болотных экосистемах Васюганья // Динамика окружающей среды и глобальные изменения климата. Т. 4. №1 (7). EDCCrar0007.
  8. Петров Е. С., Новороцкий П. В., Леншин В. Т. 2000. Климат Хабаровского края и Еврейской автономной области. Владивосток-Хабаровск: Дальнаука. 174 с.
  9. Ресурсы поверхностных вод СССР. 1970. Дальний Восток. Вып. 2. Нижний Амур. Гл. XV. Болота и их режим. Л.: Гидрометеоиздат. 591 с.
  10. Титлянова А. А. 2010. Роль подземных органов в круговороте С в болотных экосистемах // Болота и биосфера: Мат-лы VII всерос. конф. с междунар. участием. Томск. С. 109-112.
  11. Углерод в экосистемах лесов и болот России. Алексеев В.А., Бердси Р.А. (ред.). Красноярск. 1994. С. 171.
  12. Уткин А.И., Замолодчиков Д.Г., Честных О.В. 2006. Леса дальневосточного федерального округа с позиций углеродного баланса // Лесные экосистемы Северо-Восточной Азии и их динамика. Мат. межд. конф. Дальнаука. Владивосток. С. 91-96.
  13. Aerts R., Heil G.W. 1993. Biomass and nutrient dynamics of dominant plant species from hearhlands // Hearthlands: Pattern and Processes in a Changing Environment. Kluwer Academic Publishers. P. 51-84.
  14. Benscoter B.W, Vitt. D.H. 2008. Spatial patterns and temporal trajectories of the bog ground layer along a post-fire chronosequence // Ecosystems. V. 11. P. 1054-1064.
  15. Clymo R. S. 1970. The growth of Sphagnum: methods of measurement // J. Ecol. No 58. P. 13-49.
  16. Kosykh N.P., Koronatova N.G., Naumova N.B., Titlyanova A.A. 2008. Above- and below-ground phytomass and net primary production in boreal mire ecosystems of Western Siberia // Wetlands Ecol. Manage. V. 16. P. 139-153.
  17. Murphy M.T., Mc. Kinley A., Moore T.R. 2009. Variation in above- and below-ground vascular plant biomass and water table on a temperate ombrotrophic peatland // Botany. V. 87. P. 845-853
  18. Rochefort L., Vitt D.H., Bayley S.E. 1990. Growth, production and decomposition dynamics of Sphagnum under natural and experimentally acidified conditions // Ecology. V. 71. P. 1986-2000.
  19. Titlyanova A.A., Romanova I.P., Kosykh N.P., Mironycheva-Tokareva N.P. 1999. Pattern and process in above-ground and below-ground components of grassland ecosystems // J. of Veg. Sci. V. 10. № 3. P. 307-320.
  20. Turetsky M.R., Amiro B.D., Bosch E., Bhatti J.S. 2004. Historical burn area in western Canadian peatlands and its relationship to fire weather indices // Global Biogeochemical Cycles. V. 18.
  21. Vitt D.H. 2000. Peatlands ecosystems dominated by bryophytes // Shaw A., Goffinet B. (Eds.) Bryophyte biology. Cambridge: CambridgeUniversity Press. P.



Abstract: 434

PDF (Russian): 381

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...


Copyright (c) 2016 Kopoteva T.A., Kuptsova V.A.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies